The Flanders Mare - Henry VIII's Ugly Wife

That is a burning question for Henry VIII after the passing of the beloved Jane Seymour at 1537. She's the girl who's given him the precious boy that he longs for. We understand his feelings for her as numerous decades after he's buried with her instead of some other of his grandparents. That isn't to say he doesn't attempt and proceed with his life and it's these efforts to perform so that direct him into further trouble.

Some view this as evidence of his passion for Jane Seymour. In training the truth is quite different. He really starts sending out directions concerning the look for a fresh wife just a month after Jane's death. Really he requests his courtiers and favorite painters to go to the different European courts and pass conclusion for him to the very best suitable girls for him.
Unfortunately for Henry the stumbling block for him is his poor marital standing has spread around Europe. To give one instance once the amazing Christina of Milan is advised of the King's curiosity she answers that if she had two heads she'd risk it, but she's just one.
Finally Henry finds a bride on account of the efforts of Hans Holbein, possibly the most well-known of the Tudor court painters.
Partly that relies on her'appearances' but additionally because Henry sees it as a tactical ways to fortify his energy in Europe. Henry is now anti-Papal authority in 1539 he appears toward the Duchies and principalities across the Rhine since they're Lutheran and consequently have a similar political perspective on Henry. At the Duke of Cleves he sees a significant possible counter balance against France and the Holy Roman Empire if they opt to move from the states who've thrown away the Papal authority. Hence a union with Anne matches Henry's political goals.
Additionally, it seems that she'll be a fantastic game as she's a demure and deferential attitude toward jurisdiction so when her brother signals a union treaty with Henry she sails for England despite not having actually met Henry VIII.
Both are eager to fulfill one another. Though he's not in Dover to fulfill her ship when it docks he can visit her at Greenwich Palace. But in regards to their true meeting the event doesn't go as well as intended. When Henry first enters the space Anne is staring from a window gazing upon Greenwich. She doesn't recognize him she pays scant attention and proceeds to stare from the window. For a guy of Henry's regal prestige this is a significant humiliation and an offence for his self. Following this catastrophic experience Henry admits to those present subsequently"I enjoy her maybe not".
This is simply the first of several issues the mismatched pair is going to have. Her upbringing in Cleves has focused on national abilities rather than the literature and music so popular at Henry's court. Also against the portrait that the somewhat shallow minded Henry doesn't locate his new bride whatsoever appealing and is known to possess call her 'Flanders Mare'. Further obstacles emerge if the political climate starts to change unfavourably. The Duke of Cleves and the Holy Roman Empire start to make overtures toward warfare and Henry anxieties being sucked into a costly military effort.
Anne isn't with no political acumen and intellect however these traits don't compensate for her naivety. When Henry yells Anne goodnight before leaving her maids of honor, she's convinced that she'll become pregnant due to this. Is this insufficient?' asks Anne.
The next morning when Cromwell asks him'How enjoyed you that the Queen?' , Henry responded,'I enjoyed her before not nicely, but I like her much worse' He advised Anthony Denny, a part of the Privy Chamber, she had'breasts so helpless along with other parts of human anatomy in such kind that [he] slightly suspected her virginity.' In a similar vein that he informs court doctors he's displeased from the'dangling of her breasts and looseness of her flesh'
Ultimately the clinching element in these types of things is the King of France and the Emperor return to their normal state of animosity therefore Henry decides to press forward with union despite his misgivings. This is even more peculiar as merely a couple of days before between the initial meeting and the marriage, Cromwell and the king locate a possible way out. The English haven't researched the matter too much, just asking the authorities of Cleves if discussions have stopped. They seemed more closely, together with the king waiting patiently for the correct reaction. They suddenly discover there isn't any dispensation in the precontract; Anne remains formally betrothed to Francis.
For once, his urge to end a marriage is legally valid and suitable to all and he feels unable to prevent it from occurring as he worries that the Duke of Cleves getting an ally of the Emperor.
The union itself occurs on 6th January 1540. This is his own loathing for Anne who Henry informs his favorite adviser, Thomas Cromwell on his wedding day'my Lord, though it weren't to meet the planet, and My Empire, I wouldn't do that I need to do so afternoon for not one earthly thing.'
Certainly Henry would like to annul the union and Anne is sensible enough to understand that she will simply be creating trouble for himself if she attempts to thwart his desire to marry Catherine Howard, his'Rose without a Thorn'. Finally Henry is determined by attempting to utilize the law by indicating that she's still engaged, they haven't consummated the marriage and her prior engagement to the son of the Duke of Lorraine hasn't been correctly broken.
There's a long held fantasy which Hans Holbein intentionally tricked the King into believing how amazing she really was but the facts indicate otherwise. Concerning motives there was little to be obtained particularly given Henry's proclivity for beheading those who violate him.
In contrast to the standing of Henry, following the union was dissolved, Anne and Henry stay on good terms together. She's also provided land, such as Hever Castle, previously the home of Anne Boleyn. Additionally her fresh lands ensure her an income of 4000 pounds per year, which makes her one of the richest women in England. Anne continues to reside away from courtroom gently in the countryside before 1557 and also travels into the King Henry and Catherine Parr's wedding as well as attending the coronation of her former step-daughter, Mary I.